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UCSB to study ancient Mayan city of El Pilar #398098
01/22/11 09:51 AM
01/22/11 09:51 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 69,039
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

Marty  Offline OP
UCSB researchers are teaming up with officials from Belize to study the ancient Mayan city of El Pilar. On Monday Belize representatives will sign a Memorandum of Understanding to start a research and management program called “Archeology Under the Canopy.”

The event is hosted by Exploring Solutions Past: The Mayan Forest Alliance, a nonprofit conservation organization, and UCSB’s MesoAmerican Research Center. The signing will take place at 2 p.m. in the Chancellor’s Conference Room at Cheadle Hall and there will also be a reception for the dignitaries.

From A.D. 600 – 900, 20,000 Mayans called El Pilar home in a landscape of city houses and gardens set against areas of forest and agricultural fields. It now sits at the heart of a 5,000 acre archaeological reserve that links Belize and Guatemala.

UCSB archeologist Anabel Ford mapped out the city of El Pilar on the border between Belize and Guatemala in 1983. She started a preservation campaign in 1993 and the site now has protected status in both countries.

This Memorandum renews the agreement between UCSB and Belize have had since 2005. The document will be signed by Chancellor Henry T. Yang, Ford, Institute of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Research director Sarah Fenstermaker, Secretary of Exploring Solutions Past Randall Fox, Belize National Institute of Culture and History president Diane Haylock, and Belize Institute of Archeology acting director George Thompson.

“This MOU underscores the importance of our international relationships and the value of Mesoamerica, literally at our back door,” said Ford. “Having an opportunity to celebrate the value of research, the importance of exchange, and the critical quality of conservation is in and of itself remarkable. That UCSB can foster this relationship is proof of forward thinking. Here is where the past can help the future of the Maya forest.”

The Daily Sound

Re: UCSB to study ancient Mayan city of El Pilar [Re: Marty] #398100
01/22/11 09:55 AM
01/22/11 09:55 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 69,039
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

Marty  Offline OP

The Ancient Maya City of El Pilar

A drawing of the ancient El Pilar site
An artist's rendition of the ancient city of El Pilar

El Pilar flourished as a Maya garden city for nearly 2,000 years. It was the largest urban area in the Belize River region, housing at its peak more than 20,000 people in a mosaic landscape of city houses and gardens, surrounded by forest and agricultural fields.

The city had what is rare in the Maya area, an abundance of water (the name is derived from the Spanish word for watering basin). The venerable Tikal, 30 miles (50 km) to the west, had none.

Map showing major sites of the ancient Maya in Mexico, Belize and GuatemalaEl Pilar was more than three times the size of nearby Baking Pot and Xunantunich but was unexplored by Western archeologists until 1983.

The site (detailed map) has more than 25 identified plazas in an area of about 100 acres (38 hectares) and is composed of three main sectors named Xaman, Nohol, and Poniente. Two ball courts are found in the Nohol and Poniente sectors that are connected with a causeway. The H’mena acropolis is secluded in the northern Xaman sector. The tallest buildings are 17-20 meters high, offering spectacular vistas of the Maya Forest.

Through ceramic analysis, archaeologists have determined that major construction at El Pilar began around 800 BCE, in what is known as the Middle Preclassic Period. These early monuments predate those of Tikal and relate to the early growth of settlements in the Belize River Area. This is the time when the Olmec of the Gulf Coast of Mexico were flourishing and the time of the rise of the large center of El Mirador.

In the Old World other events were underway:

  • India was in the Vedic period
  • Egypt was in the Third Intermediate Period
  • Babylon was on the rise and the hanging gardens were a century away
  • In Greece the first Olympic games had just been held
  • Italy’s Etruscans were expanding
  • Ireland was into the Iron Age and Tara was the seat of kings

Back in Mesoamerica, the Maya transitioned into the Late Preclassic Period. Beginning 250 BCE major public centers were known in the entire region from northern Belize into the interior of the Petén. Populations were growing, settlements were fully established, and the path to civilization was underway.

At El Pilar the major plazas had been defined and established. This is noted particularly with

  • the establishment of the large expanse of Plaza Copal,
  • the first construction of the ball court, and
  • the “E” group thought to be astronomically oriented.

By 250 CE in the Early Classic Period there were major public works and a significant population around El Pilar as well as the region. The growth of the core area foreshadowed the preeminence of Tikal. This period saw the start of the tradition of magnificent carved stela commemorating regal events of succession, marriage, and conquest. Population was expanding but would not reach its height until the Late Classic period.

The Late Classic from 600-900 CE marks the pinnacle of the Maya civilization, witnessing some of the greatest cities and largest populations. El Pilar, situated in the upland ridges within a two-day walk of the major power of Tikal, was the largest civic center of the Belize River Area.

El Pilar’s dominance in the local area is evident; El Pilar is only 10 km from the Belize River and its numerous minor centers, yet the magnificent city center Naranjo is about 20 km away. Monumental construction continued at El Pilar with the last major remodeling completed in the Terminal Classic Period (1000 CE). This is a time when formerly important centers, such as Tikal, were in their decline.

This long sequence testifies to continuous and methodical development in the area. After almost two thousand years of occupation, the monuments at El Pilar were left unattended approximately 1000 years ago, but the Maya forest was never abandoned.

The Maya Forest Alliance

Re: UCSB to study ancient Mayan city of El Pilar [Re: Marty] #398143
01/22/11 02:23 PM
01/22/11 02:23 PM
Joined: Oct 2003
Posts: 2,461
Belize City
Katie Valk Offline

Katie Valk  Offline
El Pilar is an important site well worth seeing. Nice article above, thanks for posting Marty

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