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Citrus Sickness Showing In South #416742
09/21/11 08:20 AM
09/21/11 08:20 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 80,387
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

Marty  Offline OP
Just as BAHA is trying to mitigate the damaging effects of Fowl Typhoid in the Poultry industry, it is now having to deal with the presence of Citrus Leprosis, a viral disease that if left unchecked could spell major problems for the Citrus Industry.

The disease causes severe spotting of fruits and foliage, scaling of branches, fruit and leaf drop, and the eventual decline of citrus trees.

Unlike Fowl Typhoid that was detected a few weeks ago, Citrus Leprosis was detected more than a year ago, but authorities are now concerned that the disease has spread outside of the initial 3 groves located in the vicinity of Maya Center, in the Stann Creek District.

Inability to control the spread of this devastating disease could result in losses of markets for fresh fruits, a reduction in the amount of fruits available for processing, and increased production costs.

But, officials at BAHA believe that the disease is not widely distributed and they'll try and contain it.

BAHA is asking commercial citrus growers and backyard citrus owners to report suspected cases to them or the Citrus Growers Association.

In addition, the public is asked not to move infected fruits or visit infected areas, since these are ways in which the vector and disease are spread.

Channel 7

Re: Citrus Sickness Showing In South [Re: Marty] #416909
09/23/11 08:34 AM
09/23/11 08:34 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 80,387
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

Marty  Offline OP
The Belize Agricultural Health Authority has issued a statement saying that the presence of the Citrus Leprosis virus has been confirmed in Belize’s citrus industry. The BAHA release says that the disease was detected after a farmer in the Maya Centre area of the Stann Creek district reported infected fruit to the Citrus Research and Education Institute back in August. The confirmation of the disease’s presence in Belize came from the Universidad del Valle in Guatemala. BAHA says that in conjunction with the Citrus Research and Education Institute it is also investigating reports of other sites of possible cases of Citrus Leprosis. BAHA is calling on commercial citrus growers and back yard Citrus Growers to report suspected cases to the Authority, Agriculture Extension Officers or to the Citrus Growers Association. BAHA is also asking the general public not to move infected fruits in case of suspicion and also not to visit infected areas, since this is the way that the vector of the disease is spread. BAHA says it will be convening several meetings with growers and industry stakeholders to inform of the situation and will be implementing a containment and eradication plan against this new phytosanitary threat to the citrus industry.


Re: Citrus Sickness Showing In South [Re: Marty] #417024
09/24/11 08:58 AM
09/24/11 08:58 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 80,387
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

Marty  Offline OP

Citrus Leprosy detected in Belize

It has been affecting other Central American countries, and for the first time citrus leprosies has been detected in Belize. The first report came in early August when a farmer noticed that his fruits appeared to be rotting. The Citrus Grower’s Association’s research director suspected citrus leprosies and it was later confirmed in lab tests. According to Henry Anderson, the C.E.O. of the CGA, since then the disease has been confirmed in pockets on other farms, BAHA is now working growers to contain the spread.

Via Phone: Henry Anderson, C.E.O., Citrus Growers, Assn.

Henry Anderson

“They did a field visit on August second and did a visual confirmation. We notified BAHA and BAHA personnel came in who are also trained in identifying the disease and Francisco Gutierrez confirmed it visually as well. So samples were taken and sent to the University of Delvalle in Guatemala to get laboratory confirmation that it was citrus leprosies that was affecting the fruits and the leaves from the samples that were taken. And of the seven samples that were taken I believe five of them came up positive. But for the first time in Belize we have detected the presence of citrus leprosy in the country. all of the other country in Central America has the disease so to some extent a matter of time before it gets here. The disease is transmitted by a mite and there can be many ways in which the mite can come here. The mite lives on many different types of trees so it can be from people bringing in plant material that they shouldn’t bring it, it could be on the clothes from workers from neighboring Guatemala who work in the industry. It could be many different ways how it got here but we have confirmed that it is here now.”

Delahnie Bain

“What can be done about it?”

Via Phone: Henry Anderson

“The disease is localized which means that where you see the infection, that is the part of the tree that is being infected. The management of the disease calls for the controlling of the mite and the removing of the fruits that are infected. What it does; the fruit doesn’t spoil per say but the fruit would drop early. So in the case of our industry where we process the fruit, the fruit will drop before it is mature enough to process. So you do mite control, you remove the fruits on the trees that are infected and in some severe case of infestation, you might have to prune the branches of the tree where the infestation is spreading.”

Anderson notes that the disease is manageable and with containment efforts, the losses can be minimized.

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