Belize’s highest hope is in agriculture, not oil: Moody’s Investor Service
Belize’s oil revenues continue to fall, even as we move into 2015 and according to the latest economic report issued by the Statistical Institute of Belize (SIB), there were no crude exports in January 2015, contrasting with BZ$13.1 million in exports the same time last year.
All in all, oil revenues paid to the Government of Belize have also been on a sharp decline. Oil revenues made up almost 1 in every 10 dollars the government received in 2010; today, it makes us less than 2 out of every 100 bucks paid into its coffers. And the situation where oil revenues are concerned is not forecast to improve unless Belize declares a new commercial discovery.
Belize Crude Oil Production
This slump in oil production is countered by strong performances in tourism and agriculture and if things continue to look up on those two fronts, it could allay fears that bondholders who had subscribed to the restructured bond offering which Belize made in 2013 could face substantial risks.
Moody’s says in its credit analysis for the Government of Belize dated Monday, February 23, 2015, that, “the risk of losses to bondholders remains substantial given the confluence of risks through 2017 and the limited debt relief provided by the 10% nominal haircut following the  debt exchange.”
It noted, though, that things could look up for Belize “…if the government builds a track record of servicing external debt and is able to maintain fiscal discipline through the 2017 general election; the discovery of new commercially-viable oil/gas reserves that arrest the decline of the oil industry could also lead to improved credit prospects.”
In detailing the potential downside risks, Moody’s said that elections are scheduled for March 2017 and they expect fiscal easing ahead of the vote.
It also said that government revenues may not respond as forcefully as expected to tax measures implemented in 2014 and which are in the process of being implemented in 2015.
Also, the next general election precedes the first step-up in the coupon rate on the restructured bonds in 2018 and the ongoing litigation on the nationalization of the Belize Electricity Limited (BEL) and Belize Telemedia Limited (BTL) could result in a fiscal cost of anywhere between 6% and 30% of GDP depending on valuation estimates, Moody’s added.
It pointed out that the Government’s bill for wages, salaries and pensions makes up 40% of its spending and this bill is set to increase with further wage adjustments. This is coupled with higher public spending on road infrastructure, which, Moody’s said, is likely to lead to the first budget deficit for the Government since 2006.
As for the compensation to the former owners of the nationalized utility companies, a matter tied up in litigation at the Caribbean Court of Justice, Moody’s says that, “The payouts from these cases are likely to happen around 2017, barring an out-of-court settlement with some of the claimants which could potentially happen in 2015.”
Moody’s says that agriculture remains the sector with the highest growth potential in Belize’s economy, due to the abundance of fertile land and possibility for large economies of scale as production efficiency increases.
“In addition, the tourism industry is set to benefit from further improvements to the road network and tourism facilities, as the authorities channel pre-election spending into infrastructure investment. Longer-term tourism prospects also appear favorable, but it remains to be seen how significant these could contribute to economic diversification and balance of payments dynamics going forward,” it added.