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Last night's TV news on Channel 7, Channel 5, LOVETV, PGTV, West Vision (Cayo) and CTV 3. Also with the most recent Open Your Eyes, Rise and Shine Morning Show, and the Dickie Bradley Specials

The San Pedro Sun

Traffic issues on Northern Ambergris Caye Road to be addressed
With the upgrade of the Northern Ambergris Caye road, several issues have arisen, the most prominent being speeding. This past year saw the pavement of three miles of road from the Sir Barry Bowen Bridge to Belizean Shores Resort, as well as the widening of four miles of road from Belizean Shores to Blue Reef Resort. The improved accessibility for vehicular traffic is resulting in speeding and at time, reckless driving which can result in serious accidents. Most recently, The San Pedro Sun was made aware of a damaged utility pole in the Grand Belize Estates Area, which was allegedly broken by a reckless dump truck. This is only one of many reported incidents.

MOE seeks to motivate unqualified teachers
In February 2016, the Ministry of Education (MOE) implemented new standards that has affected a large sector of both primary, and secondary school teachers’ countrywide. MOE’s announcement was geared at teachers who did not have the necessary qualifications to teach in Belize, with hopes to strengthen the education system by pressuring teachers to become better qualified to educate the country’s youth. As the following academic year approaches, up to a thousand teachers are at risk of losing their job if they do not meet the requisites to obtain a full teaching license. Minister of Education, Honorable Patrick Faber states that only about 40% of primary school teachers and 31% of secondary school teachers are actually qualified to be educators. The Education Act Chapter 36 of the Laws of Belize Revised Edition 2000, states that primary school teachers should be trained to at least an Associate level, while secondary school teachers would need to have at least a Bachelor’s degree in a specific subject/field with background in pedagogical skills. Faber explained that once a teacher’s provisional license expires, they will be in violation of section 29 (9) of the Education and Training Act 2010, and cannot be legally employed by the ministry. This policy will apply to both public and private schools.

Growing concerns over illegal garbage dumping
Residents of Northern Ambergris Caye are concerned over the illegal dumping of garbage on vacant lots near residential areas. The neighbourhood affected this time is a small sub-division that sits near a newly re-opened resort located seven miles north of Sir Barry Bowen Bridge. The issue has been noted by the local residents for over a week. Residents claim that some other properties in that area are also engaged in illegal dumping. They are frustrated, as there is no official dump site or drop off area for the residents living on the north of the island. The garbage is not only an eyesore, but serves as a breeding ground for rodents and other pests which is unhealthy for all the residents of the area, including guests at the nearby resort. Deputy Mayor Gary Greif indicated they were recently made aware of the situation and are working to solve it. He admitted that the illegal dumping is a continuous issue that affects the entire island, and they need everyone to cooperate with The San Pedro Town Council (SPTC) in order punish the culprits. “We have teamed up with the Ministry of Health in order to target this issue,” said Greif.

‘Top Million Dollar Agent’ TV show seeks homes on Ambergris Caye
Sandy Point Real Estate is putting the island’s name in the international spotlight. The well- known Real Estate Company is now making a call to island residents that have property/houses on the island valued at no less than $US1 million dollars to apply for a feature in an international reality TV show. Director of Investments at Sandy Point, Daniel Hartin says that this is another effort in the international marketing of Ambergris Caye and Belize. According to him, “Top Million Dollar Agent,” a reality TV show that showcases the best in luxury real estate, would like to film one of their episodes on Ambergris Caye. “They are looking for potential homes to feature on their show, and the only requirement is that the estate be valued at $1 million or more. These homes will receive international exposure to tens of millions of people, which may result in a sale,” said Hartin. The show airs in North America and Asia, featuring knockout properties from around the world.

Miss SPHS Faith Noel seeks to improve her school
Recently crowned Miss San Pedro High School (SPHS) 2016-2017, Faith Noel, has taken on two projects to better her educational institution. Faith believes that there is more to being a beauty ambassador of the school, and as such wants to give back to the community. Her projects involve providing new backpacks for SPHS’s less fortunate, as well as the installation of new lunch seating areas for the school’s growing population. The first project involves collecting new school bags for those who may not be able to afford one. Once she collects the desired amount of bags, Faith intends to give them to the school’s counselor, who will then decide on the students to benefit from them. These backpacks will be given to the student under complete privacy. So far, Faith has collected 30 backpacks, and is hoping to at least triple that amount by July 2016. The other part of her project seeks to install five new lunch palapas on the school’s campus. Currently the school has two lunch palapas, which along with a sitting area, are not enough to comfortably accommodate all students during lunch time. Many students either have to eat their lunch in the bleachers of the Angel Nuñez Auditorium or in their classroom, which is not ideal. These five new palapas will provide added seating space for students. Construction of each lunch palapa is estimated to cost $900, and so far Sandy Point Real Estate has donated one palapa.

Misc Belizean Sourcesmzz

Belizean Garifuna professor of Philosophy at San Jose State University in Oakland, California, Egbert Higinio, appeared in full force at the Garifuna International Film Festival on Saturday, May 28, 2016 in Venice, California to moderate the International Discussion Symposium on Human Right Violations Against Indigenous Cultures. A Belizean brother whom has been a great friend of yours truly for some years now, was most impressive in terms of the justice he gave to such a humanistic topic whereby allowing the voices of all the messengers of the indigenous and oppressed peoples represented by a panel of a wide cross cross-section of cultures to speak. We appreciate you brother Egbert, and for your not forgetting to champion and standing up for Belize against the Guatemalan military aggression of Belize. Respect soldier!

It has been an exciting and thrilling moment for me at the Garifuna International Film Festival (GIIF). An awaken three days of breathtaking scenes and events in film, touching stories, and meeting passionate people who were able to present the stories of their lives, and their peoples lives through this very dynamic film festival organized by two outstanding people and their team, the culturally conscious Garifuna woman, Freda Sideroff, and her most supportive partner and husband, Dr. Stephen Sideroff. This photo essay here expresses one of the most thrilling and gratifying moments in my life in being awarded the Garifuna International Film Festival's Visionary Award for my work as a documentary filmmaker, and one who has dedicated a great part of my life in championing the cause and the struggles of the Belizean people at home and abroad. It was an honor for me to accept such token of appreciation from a film festival that was built from the bottom up by a visionary Belizean woman, Freda Sideroff, who is also a passionate diaspora Belizean that takes her Garifuna culture and country Belize in a very serious way.

"Taliban Birder" :>
Police are looking for this individual known in the streets as the "Taliban Birder". He was last seen terrorizing tourists at the entrance to Hopkins while they were en route to ‪MangoFest2016‬. He is armed with a long range 60X Swarovski Scope and a semi-automatic 8x42 XC Steiner Binos, and highly skilled with them. Do not try to stop him or get between him and a "life bird", the consequences could be brutal. If seen, please call your nearest Police Station.

Hopkins Mango Festival 2016
Lots of photos!


Cost of botched 2002 airport deal – US$4.3 mil, plus interest
The Government of Belize has lost its legal battle in the US Court of Appeal, District Court of Columbia, against Newco, a company which had sued the Government to enforce a US$4.26 million arbitration award handed down in June 2008 in Miami over the termination of a 30-year contract to run the Philip Goldson International Airport – the country’s only international airport. The award was issued with 8% interest compounded, which means that the Government could be on the hook for at least US$3 million more. To date, we have been unable to get an official figure from the Ministry of Finance. The group of US-based investors who had established Newco in Belize in 2002, had originally threatened to sue for US$33 million, challenging a decision by the then administration of Said Musa to instead offer the concession deal (via a management agreement) to a consortium known as the Belize Airport Concession Company (BACC).

Istanbul UN meeting produces “nothing definite” on Sarstoon
As we go to press tonight, there is still no formal accord between Belize and Guatemala coming out of bilateral talks recently held between Belize and Guatemala in Istanbul, Turkey, on the occasion of a United Nations meeting. However, in a joint statement released on Tuesday, May 24, at the conclusion of those talks, the parties indicated that Foreign Affairs ministers from both sides “recognized the urgent need for and committed to working on the design and development of a mechanism for cooperation in the Sarstoon River…” The joint statement added that the mechanism “should include the participation of relevant institutions of both parties and be coordinated by both Foreign Ministries with the participation of the Organization of American States.”

Guat car thief captured in Melchor
Esdras Chaneck, 21, a taxi driver of Benque Viejo Del Carmen, was held up and robbed by two bandits, believed to be Guatemalans, at about 1:30 yesterday afternoon in Calla Creek, Cayo District. The thieves robbed Chaneck of his wallet, which contained $200, his Social Security card, his driver’s license, his S4 Digicell phone with chip # 626-6977, and a memory chip valued at $700. The car the bandits stole is a Toyota Corolla valued at $10,000. Benque Viejo police were quickly alerted, and they notified their counterparts in Guatemala, the Melchor De Mencos police, who began an investigation and looked for the stolen vehicle in that town.

“El Diablo” shot dead in Paraiso
The peace and tranquility of Paraiso was shattered this afternoon as a pair of gunmen who were lay-waiting a man came out of hiding and opened fire on him as he was just getting out of his van at about 4:30 this afternoon in front of a house in the village. One of the two gunmen fired about 10 shots at Delmar Guerra, 37, who is also referred to as Delmar Tun, and is known as “El Diablo,” of San Joaquin, Corozal District. Guerra suffered multiple gunshot wounds, and his assailants left the scene on a motorcycle. Guerra was rushed to the Corozal Town Hospital, where he was declared dead on arrival. His body has been deposited at the morgue where it will undergo a mandatory postmortem exam. Police said that Guerra had been shot in the abdomen, chest, arm pit and arm. A firearm was found on the scene, but it cannot yet be ascertained if it belongs to Guerra or to the killers. Police said that the motive for the execution is not yet known.

Evergreen hauls Belize Bank and others before US Federal Court
On the 13th of May, the legal dispute in which Belize Bank International and Evergreen E-Pay Solutions Inc. have been embroiled, flared up again. In 2015, the legal wrangling between the two entities took place in the Supreme Court of Belize, where Evergreen was successful in getting the court to order Belize Bank to issue a payout to the company; then on the 3rd of February 2016, Belize Bank presented an appeal. Now, the battle will play out in the United States’ Federal courts. On Friday, May 13, in Miami, Florida, Evergreen (an e-commerce business) filed a federal law suit alleging that Visa International had permitted three banks in Belize to process international transactions despite not having proper licensing. The case, assigned to US District Judge Donald Graham, includes serious allegations such as fraud, breach of contract, negligence, and business defamation. Evergreen’s current complaint against Visa and Belize’s “Defendant Banks” includes 21 counts. It also makes claims against specific persons, and makes allegations of constant lies and threats of violence by some of these individuals.

Some Belizeans feel more threatened by violent crime than Guatemala’s aggression towards Belize
The majority of Belizeans are more concerned about crime at home than the Guatemalan threat at the border, a recent informal poll conducted by Amandala revealed. Amandala questioned approximately 50 people to get a sense of what people were thinking — which of the situations pose a greater threat to them: the threat to our territorial integrity by Guatemala with the incidents that have been taking place at the Sarstoon and the Chiquibul reserve, near our border, or the crime in the country, which has escalated alarmingly, with an ongoing sequence of murders that shows no signs of ceasing. The small poll revealed that twenty-eight persons felt that a greater threat was posed by crime within the country, while only thirteen felt that the greater threat was from the border with Guatemala. Eight people felt it was both – the Guatemala threat, and crime.

Rural Female Softball Tournament in full swing
The Belize Rural Female Softball Tournament 2016 is in full swing, with 4 games being played each Sunday, 2 games each at two different venues. The 8 participating teams are separated into two divisions, Division A and Division B. Division A, teams are Lords Bank Sunrise (Lords Bank), UB Jaguars (Belmopan), Exotic Girls (Hattieville) and Orchid Girls (Burrell Boom); and Division B teams are Double Head Cabbage (Double Head), Easy Does It (Flowers Bank), Beverly Hill Flams (Lords Bank) and Arrows (Bermudian Landing). In game 1 on Sunday, May 22, at Double Head Cabbage, Orchid Girls won, 14-3, over Exotic Girls, behind winning pitcher, Therese Baptist; while Iceany Baptist got the loss. And in game 2, it was UB Jaguars, 11-4, over Lords Bank Sunrise. Karlene Williams was the winning pitcher for UB, while Karen Hilton suffered the loss.

Dangriga sports stats
U-15 football: Here are the results from the Dangriga Boys & Girls, Griga Yaad Cleaning and Mr. Mar U-15 finals on Monday at the Ecumenical football field. Third place went to 3G by default due to no show by Umadagu. In the championship finals, Wagiya won over Hopkins, 2 goals to nil. Max Mackin, Jr. and Brian Guzman got 1 apiece for Wagiya. Congratulations to Wagiya U-15 team! U-18 football: The U-18 tournament is coming up, and there is a meeting for all captains, coaches and managers of U-18 teams in the Stann Creek District today, Thursday, at Princess Royal BTL Park. Primary school football: The Stann Creek District Primary School Football District Finals is all set and ready for today, Thursday, at the Ecumenical football field, beginning at 9:00 a.m.

Football update from Orange Walk
5-A-Side football: Here are some results from the 5-A-Side Football Tournament being played at the People’s Stadium every Tuesday and Thursday night in two divisions, Interoffice and Open. On Thursday, May 19, in game 1, (Open) Stadium Strikers clipped San Fran, 1-0, on a goal by Zacarias Gonzalez. In game 2, (Interoffice) Cuello’s dropped Odett’s, 3-2. Cuello’s goals were by Antonio Sabido (2) and Robi Cuello, while both Odett’s goals were by Mauricio Estrada. And in game 3, (Open) Landy’s won, 1-0, over Minions, with a goal from Gabriel Perez. In game 1 on Monday, May 24, (Open) Aquarius and Heart N Soul drew, 3-3, in regulation, but Aquarius won, 5-4, in penalty shootout. Goals in regulation were by Luis Carrillo (2) and Rafael Suarez for Aquarius, and by Mauricio Estrada (2) and Hugo Estrada for Heart N Soul. In game 2, Landy’s got the 3-0 win over San Fran, with goals from Gabriel Perez and Enrique Castillo (2). And game 3 saw Stadium Strikers edge Okay Bye, 1-nil, on a goal by Carlos Diaz.

Primary school football finals in San Jose Succotz
Zone primary school football finals were held in San Jose Succotz on Thursday, May 19, for male teams only. Participating primary schools were Howard Smith Nazarene, Victorious Nazarene, Succotz RC, Mt. Carmel RC, La Inmaculada RC (Arenal), Holy Cross RC (Calla Creek), and Hills of Promise SDA. Emerging in 1st place was Howard Smith Nazarene (Benque), while 2nd place went to La Inmaculada RC (Arenal). The District Finals are set for Friday, June 3, at the Norman Broaster Stadium in San Ignacio, beginning at 8:30 a.m.

In 2005, Rosalio Reta was at summer camp, like all the other American teenagers his age – a short Texan fifteen-year-old with spiky hair, nicknamed “Bart” because he looked like a less yellow Bart Simpson and loved to skateboard. He was also into the Power Rangers, alternative pop, and Nintendo 64, especially The Legend of Zelda and Donkey Kong. At camp in that particular year, he was learning useful skills, ones he would remember for the rest of his life. Except at this camp, you don’t learn how to canoe, or sing in a chorus, or make a log fire. He remembered the techniques he learned there well. Take beheading, for example. “There’s times I’ve seen it they’ve done it with a saw,” he told me through the prison glass. “Blood everywhere. When they start going they hit the jugular and –” he snaps his fingers – “(it’s) everywhere … They put the head right there. The head still moves, makes faces and everything. I think the nerves, you can see inside, the bone, everything’s moving. It’s like they’ve got worms. I’ve seen it move, when it’s on the ground. If he’s making a screaming face, it stays like that sometimes. Sometimes it slacks off.”

From the Publisher
On Friday morning, May 20, the leaders of the major Christian churches in Belize decided to call a press conference to express their views on critical matters in Belize having to do with the Guatemalan claim, Guatemalan aggression, the Belizean response, and so on. For me, the most important thing you should know about the men who sat at that head table on Friday morning is that they are very powerful. They are very powerful because they control the education system of Belize. They decide what is taught and what is not taught to the children of Belize. The major Christian churches here have held that power for generations and generations and generations, and the reason they hold that power is that, at the end of the day, they represent the Western European power structure. Incidentally, the military expression of the Western European power structure is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The masses of the Belizean people have always wished to educate their children, because the masses of the Belizean people traditionally had to do hard, manual labor in order to make a living, and most parents wished for a less crushing, more comfortable existence for their children. Hence, they sent us to school.

Parliamentary leaders of Central America ink historic agreement on Belize-Guatemala situation
Leaders of Parliaments of Central America, with the exception only of Panama, inked a new peace accord, saying that they will encourage the Congress of Guatemala to promptly consider the ratification of a protocol which the Foreign Ministers of Belize and Guatemala signed a year ago, on May 25, 2015, agreeing to changes to the special agreement between the parties to have their territorial differendum submitted for a binding resolution to the International Court of Justice (ICJ), pending popular votes by citizens of both countries to support the move. The amendment to the ICJ compromis was signed before Jimmy Morales was elected to presidential office in Guatemala. Plans to hold a Congressional vote on the ICJ protocol—which Guatemala had said would have been necessary for the country to hold a referendum on the ICJ simultaneously with its presidential election in 2015 but ahead of Belize—never materialized due to instability in Guatemala. An entire year later, the Guatemalan Congress has still not been asked to vote on the matter, although it did move recently to pass a declaration calling on Guatemalans to boycott Belize.

Be alert, Belizeans!
Guatemala is so poor and has perpetrated genocide on its own people, so how can they still continue with their unfounded, null and void claim over Belize? Guatemala’s history of genocide against its own people cannot be ignored or forgotten, much less swept under the rug, and the current poverty situation in that country is alarming and disheartening. Don’t think that the acts of genocide in Guatemala are confined to the past — the Guatemalan military and oligarchy are still present and active. The police and the military run the government and the country. Guatemala is a state dominated by organized crime, an unrepresentative and unresponsive political party system and a fragmented civil society in which the marginalized indigenous population struggles relentlessly to make its voice heard. The vast majority of the leadership is comprised of the ruling class and high ranking ex-military personnel.

Guatemala’s criminal organizations
Guatemala’s criminal organizations are among the most sophisticated and dangerous in Central America. Some of them have been in operation for decades. They include former members of the military, intelligence agencies and active members of the police. Transporting illegal drugs north comprises the bulk of their activity, but organized crime in Guatemala is also involved in marijuana and poppy cultivation, as well as human trafficking, kidnapping, extortion, money laundering, arms smuggling, adoption rings, eco trafficking and other illegal enterprises. They often work with groups from Mexico, Colombia and other Central American nations and they have the potential to expand and command other Central American nations’ underworlds. Guatemala has 400 km of coastline, most of it on the Pacific Ocean, from which it receives and dispatches much of the contraband entering and departing the country. The mountainous interior, combined with the vast, sparsely populated stretches of jungle in the north make the country an ideal storage and transit nation. Guatemala shares a border with Honduras, El Salvador, México and Belize.

IMF says Belize’s economic outlook has worsened since 2015
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced today that it had just concluded its two-week mission to Belize which began on Wednesday, May 11. Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe, who led the IMF team, has issued a statement conveying the preliminary findings. Bouhga-Hagbe said that, “The economic outlook has worsened further since the 2015 Article IV Consultation and is subject to significant downside risks.” Bouhga-Hagbe added that while the banking system continued to strengthen, “the challenges posed by loss of correspondent banking relationships with international banks have increased since the 2015 Article IV Consultation.” He noted that the Belize economy is slowing and fiscal and external vulnerabilities are rising. Falling oil production and multiple shocks in the primary sector reduced the growth of the country’s gross domestic product to only 1% in 2015, the IMF rep said, pointing to a worsening forecast as, “GDP growth is projected to decline further to 0.5 percent in 2016 and average less than 2 percent in the medium term.”

Sugar surplus expected for 2016 – but market prices pose serious challenge
This year’s sugar crop is estimated at 1.7 million tons, well above the 1.3 million tons which the Belize Sugar Industries (BSI) expected to handle this season. Jessamyn Ramos, Information Officer at the Sugar Industry Research and Development Institute (SIRDI), pointed to the production of a surplus this year, in her presentation at the 6th Annual Belize Esri User Conference, held at the Biltmore Plaza in Belize City. While that surplus is good news, the bad news is that prices on the world market have plummeted, from $75 a ton last year to $45 a ton this year, Ramos said. This represents a fall of about 40%. Furthermore, she said that the industry was notified in 2013 that in 2017, Belize will no longer have access to preferential markets which yield the best price for the export commodity. As a result, the industry has launched the Sugar Industry Management Information Systems (SIMIS), which aims to track production with the aim of maximizing outputs from the sector.

The Reporter

Hundreds take part in cancer walk, many are youths
Several hundred people, many of whom were youths, took part in Saturday’s annual cancer walk, planned by the Belize Cancer Society. The event started from in front of Celina’s in Ladyville and finished in front of the Society’s compound on Mercy Lane in Belize City. The participants, affected either personally or related to someone who has survived or succumbed to cancer, dressed in t-shirts with symbolic messages against the disease. President of the Society, Laura Longsworth said earlier this year that the scientific and technological advancements have helped to double cancer survival, but we still need to detect cancer earlier so we can improve on that success.

Breaking Belize NewsPJ

San Ignacio police brutalize man and dog
A very controversial video has gone viral on social media, where police officers not only brutalize a San Ignacio resident but also a dog. The incident played out on Burns Avenue in San Ignacio Town last night around 8. In the video, the officers can […]

Man recovers at the KHMH after road accident
A Belmopan resident is today recuperating from injuries received after his pickup truck suffered a blow out causing him to run off the road. Ricardo Cambeiro Nunez, 41, a Belizean project manager was travelling from the direction of Dangriga to Belmopan City and upon reaching […]

Belize: The Foreign Affairs of The Nation in Shambles
Belize is currently facing its greatest foreign affairs challenge in its 35-year history as an independent nation. Its neighbor, Guatemala, continued to claim part, half or all of Belize, depending on what period and who was in power. During the recent elections held last November […]

International Sourcesizz

Caribbean leadership project aims at strengthening the capacity of future leaders
An initiative known as the Caribbean Leadership Project (CLP) will be implemented in St. Kitts and Nevis to “strengthen the capacity of future leaders in the Caribbean so that they are equipped to contribute more effectively to regional integration and economic growth and support gender-sensitive public sector reform.” To achieve this goal, the CLP is following a modular programme which includes Leadership Development Programme, Enabling Environment, Research, Continuous Learning and Development Network, Communities of Practice and Caribbean Centre of Leadership Excellence. Each module will be held in a different participating country. “In between modules, we will use a blended learning approach,” said Dr. Lois Parkes, Regional Project Manager of CLP. “The participants will be involved in virtual learning, executive coaching as well as working in groups and individually on what we call learning stretch projects.”


  • Parasailing in Belize May 2016, 3.5min. Parasailing Ambergris Caye, San Pedro, Belize. Heading North from San Pedro with a quick drop into Grand Caribe Belize.

  • Belize 2016, 10min.

  • Macarena Rose host of Belize Talk Radio interviews Drummers, 9min. Macarena Rose host of Belize Talk Radio interviews her very long time friends Emmeth Young and Bombay, drummers from Gales Point. Emmett and Bombay are Cousins who help local kids learn how to make drums, and how to play drums

  • Shark Ray Alley - Ambergris Caye, Belize, 2min.

  • Beauty Nature: Belize City Tour Carnival Valor Cruise Nature's Lullaby, 51min.

  • There and Back Belize., 28min. Lexy and Jack Explore Belize! Look for Mayan ruins, caves, beaches and it's locals.

  • Entering the Cave in Belize, 2min. Tube Caving -Belize about to enter.

  • Belize. Descubrir un paraíso místico es posible. Capítulo 1: Bienvenidos al paraíso., 3min. Primer capítulo del viaje mágico a Belize, infinitas gracias, una vez más a Copa Airlines por esta experiencia única.

  • A Visit to the Mission Field - Looking Back at Belize 2000 to 2007, 19min. Dayspring Mission's work in Belize, Central America from 2000 to 2007.

  • Belize Cycling Bike Race in Dangriga Town, 41min. This big Citrus Belt Productions event was put on by King Toby and started in front of Ilagulie around hopkins junktion and where they returned back to Dangriga Belize. Watch as camera man Rossi from EDITyourVIDEO get's up close and personal hanging out the van door where you can see the Belizean Cyclist racing close as they follow. Dangriga town is a place to enjoy food, music and dance but it can get so hot I can't imagan the Belize roads being bumpy and the Belizean heat beating down on the Belizean cycling bike riders in the Dangriga Belize Heat.