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#527955 12/28/17 06:03 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 84,400
Marty Offline OP
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(The sacred Book of the Yucatec Maya):

The Books of Chilam Balam are handwritten, chiefly 17th and 18th-centuries Maya miscellanies, named after the small Yucatec towns where they were originally kept, and preserving important traditional knowledge in which indigenous Maya and early Spanish traditions have coalesced. Written in the Yucatec Maya language and using the Latin alphabet, the manuscripts are attributed to a legendary author called Chilam Balam, a chilam being a priest who gives prophecies and balam a common surname meaning 'Jaguar'. Some of the texts actually contain prophecies about the coming of the Spaniards to Yucat�n while mentioning a chilam Balam as their first author.

Nine Books of Chilam Balam are known, most importantly those from Chumayel, Mani, and Tizimin but more have existed. Taken together, the Books of Chilam Balam give the fullness of 18th-century Yucatec-Maya spiritual life. Whereas the medical texts and chronicles are quite matter-of-fact, the riddles and prognostications make abundant use of traditional Mayan metaphors. This holds even more true of the mythological and ritualistic texts, which, cast in abstruse language, plainly belong to esoteric lore. The historical texts derive part of their importance from the fact that they have been cast in the framework of the native Maya calendar, partly adapted to the European calendrical system.

The Books of Chilam Balam are :

1. The Chilam Balam of Chumayel
2. The Chilam Balam of Tizimin
3. The Chilam Balam of Chan Cah
4. The Chilam Balam of Ixil
5. The Chilam Balam of Kaua
6. The Chilam Balam of Tekax
7. The Chilam Balam of Mani
8. The Chilam Balam of Tusik
9. The Chilam Balam of Nah

video courtesy of Baktun Tv

Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 84,400
Marty Offline OP
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Maya sacred book "Chilam Balam Tekax" astrological predictions analyzed by INAH experts

The first specialized integral study of the Chilam Balam Tekax, an anonymous text that dates from 1833 written in Yucatec Maya language with Latin characters, was published by the researcher attached to the Ethnohistory Department of the National Insittute of Anthropology and History (INAH), Mar�a de Guadalupe Su�rez Castro

According to the historiography, the Chilam Balam Tekax is a compilation of texts of prophetic type written in different communities of Yucatan from prehispanic times, until the 19th century. The doument is now part of the collection of Maya codex, property of the National Library of Anthropology and History (Biblioteca Nacional de Antropolog�a e Historia).

Researchers recovered the documents, and said that the Chilam Balam Nah or Na contains a santoral, a solar and lunar calendar, astrological predictions according to the signs of the zodiac and the planets, as well as herbal remedies.

Its writing was in charge of Maya scribes who had access to texts of European origin that are located in the churches and libraries of Franciscan convents, and even in the Hospital of San Juan de Dios, in M�rida, Yucat�n.

“The authors were individuals with a position within the modern Maya religious community, that also served as Catholic teachers of doctrine, sacristans, or church cantors,” said Su�rez Castro.

The archeology teacher, who devoted five years of work to research the writings, said it is the first time that a full investigation of this document is made, since the only thing that existed was a translation that date back to 1981.

“It was designed to be used by the ah dzac yah (Maya healers), who were specialists in remedying illnesses and performing rituals of birth and death among the Yucatec Maya,” she said about the restricted use of the document.

The book is composed of eight chapters and an appendix; in the first chapter, the author reflects on the concept of Chilam, a character who, prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, had direct communication with the gods through psychotropic substances.

In the second chapter, the book deals with the history of the Tekax people, dedicated to the cultivation of sugarcane.

The third tells the story of the manuscript; describing the materials that were used for its elaboration, like the sepia-colored paper of Italian origin, the ink, the text font and the headers.

In chapter an analysis of the intellectual context of the document is made.

Chapter five refers to the content, the sources from which the authors obtained the information and the analysis of the functions of the Chilam Balam Tekax.

The sixth chapter is basically a transcription of the complete text.

The seventh chapter offers a month by month relation in which the differences and similarities between the names of the saints recorded in other manuscripts and those of Tekax are observed.

And finally, the eighth chapter presents a free version of the translation of the text; and the appendix brings together a morphological analysis of the entire document.

The manuscript consisted of 18 pages, but four of them were lost, probably during their journey, because at some point in time, the Tekax’s book was moved to the town of Teabo, also in Yucatan, where the Chilam Balam de Nah was written.

In the early twentieth century, the document was taken to the United States, where it was part of the collection of William Edmond Gates, a professor specializing in the study of the Maya, but soon after he died, around 1947, the document entered the BNAH collection as an acquisition for which 500 pesos were paid.

The incomplete original is stored in the BNAH, while the rest of the content is known through reproductions available for consultation in some U.S. libraries, such as Harvard University.

Yucatan Times

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