15000 -7000 BC
During the Paleo-Indian Period, humans traversed the America's as hunters and gathers. Fossil remains show that the giant-sloth was hunted in Belize.
During the Archaic Period, humans in Mesoamerica continue to thrive as hunters and gatherers and make advancements in plant domestication.
1000 BC - 250AD
During the Pre-Classic, the Maya emerge as a distinct and shared culture. They establish early settlements and developed agriculture.
250 - 900 AD
During the Classic Period, the Maya achieved significant milestones in the areas of engineering, mathematics, astronomy, arts, agriculture and in main-land and maritime trade.
900 - 1492 AD
During the Post-Classic, the Maya civilization experienced a decline in city-states and the population declines. At the time of colonial contact, the Maya resided in three heavily populated areas of Belize: Chactemal, Dzuluinicob, and Manche Chol.
Colon 4th voyage is along the coastline of Honduras and Belize
Vicente Yafiez Pinzon and Juan Diaz de Solis sail along the coast of Belize
Guerrero, Jeronimo de Aguilar and others are shipwrecked off the coast of Yucatan
Missionaries establish a Christian church at Lamanai
Franciscan priests carry out Visita missions in Belize
English pirates, buccaneers and merchants sailed off the coast of Belize
The English captured Jamaica from the Spanish. Capt. Francisco Perez carried out a census of Maya residing near Tipu in Western Belize
Treaty of Madrid
Pirate Bartholomew Sharpe and other Englishmen capture Dominican Fray Joseph Delgado. Sharpe was operating out of St. George's Caye.
St. George's Caye continues to be settled
The English Crown granted the Asiento, a licence to trade enslaved people
Record of enslaved Africans in Belize
Burnaby's Code (first written constitution) is signed on St. George's Caye First recorded uprising by enslaved people
Uprising by enslaved people
Uprising by enslaved people
St. George's Caye captured by Spaniard; settlers are imprisoned in Merida and Cuba
Treaty of Versailles signed giving formal recognition to extract logwood between Belize River and Rio Hondo.
The Settlement at the mouth of the Belize River becomes the de facto capital. Convention of London is signed. Mosquito Shore evacuees arrive in Belize
Public Meeting is held on 1 June to decide on whether to stay or evacuate the Belize Settlement in face of impending Spanish invasion
Yarborough Cemetery is opened
Fortifications are established at the mouth of the Belize River; Newton Barracks established.
Battle of St. George's Caye
Garinagu arrive in Belize
Abolition of the Slave Trade Act passed on 25 March; the trade becomes illegal throughout the British Empire
Fort George was established on an islet off the coast of Belize
First recorded major fire in Belize Town
St. John's Cathedral construction begins; consecrated in 1826
Government House is built 1816 Honduras Free School is inaugurated 1818 Supreme Court is built 1819 First bridge is built (later replaced by Swing Bridge) Eboe Town area reserved for persons of the Eboe (Igbo) tribe
Public Hospital opens in New North Town between Eve Street and the sea. Last recorded revolt of the enslaved led by Will and Sharper; Martial Law is declared.
Wesley Church opens; later destroyed in 1863
Enslaved persons are emancipated (freed) in all British colonies at midnight 31 July
Old Market constructed at the foot of the Swing Bridge (now Commercial Center)
US Consulate to Belize opens on 12 February at the former residence of P.W. Shufeldt. Caste War Refugees arrive in Belize
St. Mary's Church established; a more permanent structure was completed in 1888
Her Majesty's Prison built; (now Museum of Belize)
Colonial authorities recognize the Alcalde System
Anglo-Guatemala Treaty is signed 1860s East Indians arrive in Belize
Belize (British Honduras) is officially declared a colony
Court House Green (Battlefield Park) is acquired and declared a public space. Scot's Kirk (Presbyterian Church) opens
Arrival of Chinese in Belize
Big Wesley (Church) opens Completion of Haulover and Circular Road (now Princess Margaret Drive)
American Ex-Confederates arrive in Belize 1871 Belize is declared a Crown Colony
Belize is administered by Jamaica (until 1874)
Brodie and Cuthbert store opens on Albert Street
Wesleyan High School (later Wesley College) established at the corner of Albert and South Streets The Vaults are completed by Gustav von Ohlaffen; closed in 1886.
Lord Ridge Cemetery consecrated and opened
St. John's Berchman College established; becomes St. John's College in 1896
Currency used in Belize, the Dollar, is devalued. Constabulary Police riot in Orange Walk Town. Residents of Belize Town also rioted.
Belize City receives electricity and street lights
Mule Park opens
Supreme Court building destroyed by fire on 7 August; Governor Hart Bennett is killed
Marcus Garvey visits Belize
Queen Street Police Station constructed
Belize Stores open (later becomes Paslow Building)
Swing Bridge is opened to the public on 11 April. Final reclamations of Fort George
Supreme Court building reconstructed in the likeness of the building before 1918 fire. Baron Bliss Lighthouse and tomb are constructed.
The Great House is built
Hurricane devastates Belize City on 10 September
Queen Street Baptist Church built following 1931 destruction of original building
Antonio Soberanis leads Labour Movement St. Catherine's Academy opens
Belize Town officially becomes a City
Nationalist (Political) Movement begins
St. John's College relocated to current location on Princess Margaret Drive
Bliss Institute construction begins; opens 1955
Adult Suffrage achieved
Palotti High school founded; main building constructed in 1959
St. Mary's Church reconstructed. Princess Margaret visits Belize
Hurricane Hattie devastates Belize City on 31 October
Presbyterian Church reconstructed following Hurricane Hattie
Webster's Proposal is published
Belmopan is established. Direction of driving is changed from the right side to left side
Name is officially changed to "Belize" on 1 June
Voting age changed from 21 years to 18 years
Riots against the Heads of Agreement. Independence is achieved on 21 September
Isaiah Morter Statue is erected