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Important Events, People & Dates In Belizean History #549272
04/02/21 03:51 PM
04/02/21 03:51 PM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 74,094
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

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Marty  Offline OP
Also Important

Pre-Columbian Civilization

15000 -7000 BC
During the Paleo-Indian Period, humans traversed the America's as hunters and gathers. Fossil remains show that the giant-sloth was hunted in Belize.

7000-2500 BC
During the Archaic Period, humans in Mesoamerica continue to thrive as hunters and gatherers and make advancements in plant domestication.

1000 BC - 250AD
During the Pre-Classic, the Maya emerge as a distinct and shared culture. They establish early settlements and developed agriculture.

250 - 900 AD
During the Classic Period, the Maya achieved significant milestones in the areas of engineering, mathematics, astronomy, arts, agriculture and in main-land and maritime trade.

900 - 1492 AD
During the Post-Classic, the Maya civilization experienced a decline in city-states and the population declines. At the time of colonial contact, the Maya resided in three heavily populated areas of Belize: Chactemal, Dzuluinicob, and Manche Chol.

1500s

1502
Colon 4th voyage is along the coastline of Honduras and Belize

1508
Vicente Yafiez Pinzon and Juan Diaz de Solis sail along the coast of Belize

1511
Guerrero, Jeronimo de Aguilar and others are shipwrecked off the coast of Yucatan

1545
Missionaries establish a Christian church at Lamanai

1582
Franciscan priests carry out Visita missions in Belize

1600s

1630s
English pirates, buccaneers and merchants sailed off the coast of Belize

1655
The English captured Jamaica from the Spanish. Capt. Francisco Perez carried out a census of Maya residing near Tipu in Western Belize

1670
Treaty of Madrid

1677
Pirate Bartholomew Sharpe and other Englishmen capture Dominican Fray Joseph Delgado. Sharpe was operating out of St. George's Caye.

1680s
St. George's Caye continues to be settled

1700s

1713
The English Crown granted the Asiento, a licence to trade enslaved people

1724
Record of enslaved Africans in Belize

1765
Burnaby's Code (first written constitution) is signed on St. George's Caye First recorded uprising by enslaved people

1768
Uprising by enslaved people

1773
Uprising by enslaved people

1779
St. George's Caye captured by Spaniard; settlers are imprisoned in Merida and Cuba

1783
Treaty of Versailles signed giving formal recognition to extract logwood between Belize River and Rio Hondo.

1786
The Settlement at the mouth of the Belize River becomes the de facto capital. Convention of London is signed. Mosquito Shore evacuees arrive in Belize

1797
Public Meeting is held on 1 June to decide on whether to stay or evacuate the Belize Settlement in face of impending Spanish invasion

1792
Yarborough Cemetery is opened

1796
Fortifications are established at the mouth of the Belize River; Newton Barracks established.

1798
Battle of St. George's Caye

1800s

1802
Garinagu arrive in Belize

1807
Abolition of the Slave Trade Act passed on 25 March; the trade becomes illegal throughout the British Empire

1803
Fort George was established on an islet off the coast of Belize

1806
First recorded major fire in Belize Town

1812
St. John's Cathedral construction begins; consecrated in 1826

1814
Government House is built 1816 Honduras Free School is inaugurated 1818 Supreme Court is built 1819 First bridge is built (later replaced by Swing Bridge) Eboe Town area reserved for persons of the Eboe (Igbo) tribe

1820
Public Hospital opens in New North Town between Eve Street and the sea. Last recorded revolt of the enslaved led by Will and Sharper; Martial Law is declared.

1829
Wesley Church opens; later destroyed in 1863

1838
Enslaved persons are emancipated (freed) in all British colonies at midnight 31 July

1845
Old Market constructed at the foot of the Swing Bridge (now Commercial Center)

1848
US Consulate to Belize opens on 12 February at the former residence of P.W. Shufeldt. Caste War Refugees arrive in Belize

1851
St. Mary's Church established; a more permanent structure was completed in 1888

1857
Her Majesty's Prison built; (now Museum of Belize)

1858
Colonial authorities recognize the Alcalde System

1859
Anglo-Guatemala Treaty is signed 1860s East Indians arrive in Belize

1862
Belize (British Honduras) is officially declared a colony

1863
Court House Green (Battlefield Park) is acquired and declared a public space. Scot's Kirk (Presbyterian Church) opens

1865
Arrival of Chinese in Belize

1866
Big Wesley (Church) opens Completion of Haulover and Circular Road (now Princess Margaret Drive)

1868
American Ex-Confederates arrive in Belize 1871 Belize is declared a Crown Colony

1871
Belize is administered by Jamaica (until 1874)

1875
Brodie and Cuthbert store opens on Albert Street

1882
Wesleyan High School (later Wesley College) established at the corner of Albert and South Streets The Vaults are completed by Gustav von Ohlaffen; closed in 1886.

1886
Lord Ridge Cemetery consecrated and opened

1887
St. John's Berchman College established; becomes St. John's College in 1896

1894
Currency used in Belize, the Dollar, is devalued. Constabulary Police riot in Orange Walk Town. Residents of Belize Town also rioted.

1900s

1906
Belize City receives electricity and street lights

1909
Mule Park opens

1918
Supreme Court building destroyed by fire on 7 August; Governor Hart Bennett is killed

1919
Ex-servicemen Riot

1921
Marcus Garvey visits Belize

1920s
Queen Street Police Station constructed

1920
Belize Stores open (later becomes Paslow Building)

1923
Swing Bridge is opened to the public on 11 April. Final reclamations of Fort George

1926
Supreme Court building reconstructed in the likeness of the building before 1918 fire. Baron Bliss Lighthouse and tomb are constructed.

1927
The Great House is built

1929
Great Depression

1931
Hurricane devastates Belize City on 10 September

1933
Queen Street Baptist Church built following 1931 destruction of original building

1934
Antonio Soberanis leads Labour Movement St. Catherine's Academy opens

1943
Belize Town officially becomes a City

1949
Nationalist (Political) Movement begins

1952
St. John's College relocated to current location on Princess Margaret Drive

1953
Bliss Institute construction begins; opens 1955

1954
Adult Suffrage achieved

1957
Palotti High school founded; main building constructed in 1959

1958
St. Mary's Church reconstructed. Princess Margaret visits Belize

1961
Hurricane Hattie devastates Belize City on 31 October

1964
Presbyterian Church reconstructed following Hurricane Hattie

1968
Webster's Proposal is published

1970
Belmopan is established. Direction of driving is changed from the right side to left side

1973
Name is officially changed to "Belize" on 1 June

1978
Voting age changed from 21 years to 18 years

1981
Riots against the Heads of Agreement. Independence is achieved on 21 September

1992
Isaiah Morter Statue is erected

Re: Important Events, People & Dates In Belizean History [Re: Marty] #550595
06/04/21 10:48 AM
06/04/21 10:48 AM
Joined: Oct 1999
Posts: 74,094
oregon, spr
Marty Offline OP

.
Marty  Offline OP
These five men were the trailblazers in fighting Colonialism making us an Independent nation. On December 31 1949 the then British government devalued the Belize dollar hence forming the People’s Committee which later formed the People’s United Party (PUP) September 29 1950 with John Smith becoming its first Leader:

John Smith -May 9 1919-May 15 2012
Leigh Richardson- April 22 1924-October 27 2008
George Price - January 15 1919- September 19 2011
Philip Goldson- July 25 1923- October 3 2001
Nicholas Pollard - March 22 1924- January 21 2003

Samuel Haynes- February 28 1898- 1971 - member of the UNÍA and wrote the words to what is our National Anthem he wrote the poem “ Land of the Gods” which later change to “Land of the Free”

Thomas Vincent Ramos -September 17 1887-November 13 1955. Although didn’t born in Belize he made it his home after lobbying for a National Holiday to celebrate the arrival of the Garinagu to our shores on November 19 1802.The holiday was first celebrated in the Stann Creek District 1941 then Toledo 1943 then countrywide 1977

Antonio Soberanis Gomez -January 14 1897-April 14 1974 founder of the Labour Unemployment Association which led marches in protest for better wages

Isaiah Morter- 1860- April 7 1924 British Honduras first black millionaire an avid supporter like Samuel Haynes of Marcus Garvey UNÍA . He left most of his wealth to them he once owned Caye Chapel which mysteriously ended up in Private Ownership after his death

Madam Gwendolyn Lizarraga - July 11 1901-June 9 1975 Belize first female member of the British Honduras Legislative Assembly. She fought for the rights of women and encouraged them to get educated

Julian Armando Cho - April 16 1962- December 1998 great Maya activist who fought for their rights in his honor a High School was names after him in Toledo

Felipe Ricalde - May 1 1920- September 23 1975 great activist was Corozal first Mayor

September 10 1798- Battle of St George’s Caye

August 1 1834 - Slavery was abolished in all British territories

July 22 1919 -ExServicemen Riot where British Hondurean returning from war found poverty and was jobless

December 31 1949 The British Government devalued the Belize Dollar thus forming the People’s Committee the first resistance to fighting Colonialism

September 29 1950 formation of Belize’s first political party People’s United Party ((PUP)

1954-Adult Suffrage - gave the right for adult to vote whether status of wealth, ethnicity, income, social status, race

January 1 1964 - Self Government George Price Belize’s First Premier

June 1 1973- name change from British Honduras to Belize

September 27 1973 the United Democratic Party (UDP) formed merger of National Independence Party (NIP) led by Philip Goldson People’s Development Movement & the Liberal Party

September 21 1981- Belize became an independent nation

December 1984 - George Price & PUP lost its first General Election since Adult Suffrage to the UDP led by Manuel Esquivel


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