November 30th officially ends the 2022 Atlantic Cyclonic Season, which officially began on June 1 and ends today November 30, at that time historically is the period where the most cyclones occur in the North Atlantic. The National Hurricane Center began issuing regular tropical weather forecasts on May 15, 2022, about two weeks before the start of the season. to that date there was no development in the Atlantic before the official start of the season, making it the first since 2014 to not have a named storm before the official start.
In early June, Alex dropped torrential rainfall in western Cuba and southern Florida, triggering record rainfall in some places and leaving at least 4 deaths. On July 1, Bonnie formed and made landfall along the Costa Rica-Nicaragua border and then crossed into the Pacific becoming the first cyclone to survive the Atlantic-Pacific crossing since Hurricane Otto in 2016 being heavy rainfall in Central America that resulted in 4 deaths. That same day Colin formed off the coast of South Carolina and caused only minimal damage to the Carolinas leading to one death. No tropical cyclones formed in the month of August for the first time since 1997.
After only three short-lived tropical storms have formed, beginning July 2, the tropical cyclogenesis was suppressed along the basin for approximately two months by a combination of strong intersting winds and a I'll go dry, plus the presence of dust layer from the Sahara and as a result, no tropical cyclones formed in August for the first time since 1997. With Bonnie and Julia crossing into the Pacific, the season became the first since 1996 that two cyclones survive the Atlantic to the Pacific.
As early as September, there was a tropical explosion in the Atlantic with the formation of Hurricanes Danielle, Earl, Fiona and Ian, Tropical Storms Gaston and Hermine and Tropical Depression Once. Danielle formed on Sept. 1 and became the first hurricane of the season the next day, breaking a 332-day streak in the Atlantic without a hurricane, which had begun on Oct. 5, 2021 when Sam lost the category, constituting the third longest streak since 1965 to present. Danielle, moreover, was the hurricane that later formed in one season since 2013. Meanwhile, Earl became the second hurricane of the 2022 Atlantic season on September 5th and hit Bermuda with strong winds and rain and also killed 2 people in Puerto Rico. For his part, Hermine left record rains for a month of September in the Canary Islands and killed 34 people, including 33 African migrants in a shipwreck. The two biggest cyclones of the month and of the season, Fiona and Ian caused catastrophic damage in their path. Fiona was the third hurricane and the first major hurricane of the season and became Puerto Rico's worst natural disaster since Hurricane Maria in 2017, as well as the first hurricane to make landfall in the Dominican Republic since Jeanne in 2017 2004 besides being one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the Atlantic provinces of Canada and in total killed 45 people and left $2.67 billion in damage in its wake. Ian was the fourth and second major hurricane of the season and made landfall in Cuba in late September as a major Category 3 hurricane causing catastrophic damage, becoming the first major hurricane to make landfall there since Irma in 2017 and a day later touchdown in Florida, United States as a powerful category 4 hurricane becoming the first major hurricane to make landfall in that state since Michael in 2018 causing untold damage and leaving localities submerged in water and two days after has made landfall in South Carolina as a category 1, the first hurricane to make landfall in that state since Matthew in 2016. In total, Ian left in his wake 158 deaths and over $50 billion in damages.
In early October Julia formed becoming the fifth hurricane of the season on October 8 and the next day it became the second cyclone of the season to cross into the Pacific Basin, making this season first since 1996 in the that two systems cross from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Julia torched heavy rainfall causing serious damage in parts of the Caribbean of South America and Central America, especially in Venezuela, killing 66 people in total and leaving more than $300 million in damage. Karl formed in the middle of the month over the Gulf of Mexico and dropped heavy rainfall that killed 3 people in that country. In November, two hurricanes (Lisa and Martin) were simultaneously active in the Atlantic for the first time since 2001 and only the third time it's happened across the Atlantic. Lisa became the sixth hurricane of the season on November 2 before becoming the first hurricane to make landfall in Belize in a November month since 1942, leaving abundant rainfall and a dangerous cyclonic surge a, while Martin became that same day into the seventh hurricane of the season, but it remained over open waters without offering any damage. Shortly after Nicole formed and November 9 became the eighth hurricane of the season and the third hurricane of the month, making 2022 along with 2001 the seasons with the most hurricane formations in November. Nicole was the first hurricane to make landfall in the month of November in the Bahamas since Michelle in 2001 and on the Florida east coast since Hurricane Yankee in 1935 and overall left 13 dead in its wake.
In this 2022 Atlantic season #14 tropical storms #8 hurricanes and #2 major hurricanes formed, with this data it is classified that the 2022 cyclonic season has so far been equal or slightly below average
Despite these numbers, the cyclonic season has been rated extremely destructive.
Here's the recap of everything that happened over in the Tropical Atlantic in the NHC Tropical Weather Outlook.