Battle cannon from the Battle of Saint George's Caye, September 3-10, 1789
This cannon seen here was in battle at some point in the fight for the country of what is now Belize during the Battle of Saint George's Caye.
Today it is mounted permanently on the island of Saint George's Caye as a reminder of the sacrifices others made to fight for what we have now as Belize.
217th anniversary of The Battle of St. George’s Caye Day
Around the time the U.S.A. was struggling to free itself from British tyranny in the late 1700s, the people of Belize experienced an equally frightening threat: Belize forefathers—made up of African-born slaves and English-speaking Baymen, who knew a thing or two about domination—convened a town hall meeting to deal with news that Spain was sending an armada of ships to Belize with the intent of invading and enslaving settlers and claiming the land in the name of the Spanish king. What to do? There was no option. They would stand and fight for their freedom.
It wasn’t long before Spanish fighting forces made good on their threat. An estimated 2,000 soldiers and 500 sailors onboard a Spanish fleet of 32 vessels sailed west. Awaiting their arrival was Captain John Moss, commander of the HMS Merlin—plus the remainder of a rudimentary navy composed of the sloops Mermaid, Tickler and Towser and smaller boats fitted with available armaments.
The settlers battened down the hatches as they awaited the onslaught. Though described as a “rag-tag militia of colourful settlers and African slaves,” these patriots would do battle proudly and bravely on a field of sandy beaches and sheltering palm trees. It would be unfair to tell this story without mentioning the elixir that fueled spirits as the nation awaited the Spanish invasion: the local version of rum!
As the Spanish fleet’s mastheads appeared on the horizon approaching the Great Barrier Reef on September 3, 1789, a call went out to defenders marshalled along the beachhead not unlike the war cry of Paul Revere who alerted New Englanders of the arrival of British military forces. Positioning the majority of Belize fighters in the vicinity of St. George’s Caye, the unlikely, diverse mix of vanguards repelled the fleet during a fierce week of battle before admirals and generals realized that they could not win.
The armada was finally able to retreat north along the shoreline of the Yucatan Peninsula and never again tried to invade, conquer or otherwise presume to lay claim to the feisty society that was to become Belize over a century later. If accounts written by Baymen, and sent home to England, were any indication of how united this mix of African slaves and English patriots were, it certainly foreshadowed what was to come in the 21st century: A harmonious mix of races, creeds and colors that represent the true essence of what the Battle of St. George’s Caye has come to mean: One people. Indivisible.
St. George’s Caye remains a symbol of that week in 1789 when proud ancestors of today’s citizenry stood their ground and refused to give an inch. Those early defenders had no flag under which to march, nor did they have a formal military structure under which to organize, plan and set strategies. What they did have was the unbeatable combination of zeal, belief and brotherhood—a trio of attributes that cannot be conquered under any circumstances and that’s exactly what’s celebrated every September 10th on St. George’s Caye.
Photograph by Will Moreno
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